Rosca de Reyes

Photo Credit: http://www.mexicoinmykitchen.com/2011/01/rosca-de-reyesthree-kings-bread-recipe.html

Photo Credit: http://www.mexicoinmykitchen.com/2011/01/rosca-de-reyesthree-kings-bread-recipe.html

On January 6, families and friends gathered around the continent to take part of a 300 year-old tradition.

Día de los Reyes is traditionally celebrated twelve days after Christmas. Similar to Christmas, children expect to receive presents from los Reyes Magos (the three wise men) who brought the presents of gold, frankincense, and myrrh to newborn Jesus. In preparation for los Reyes Magos, children leave their shoes outside filled with hay and water for the animals that los Reyes ride on.

La Rosca de Reyes (king’s bread/cake) is usually served for merienda along with chocolate caliente or atole. The round shape of the bread evokes the crowns worn by los Reyes Magos while the colorful dried fruit signifies the crown jewels. Others extend the metaphor of the circular shape to the symbolism of the eternal love for God, which has no beginning nor end.

Arguably the most significant part of la rosca is the appearance of a plastic infant Jesus. If the plastic doll appears when cutting a slice from the bread, then the person who found the plastic doll must host a feast on February 2, otherwise known as Candlemas Day. On February 2, the people who were sharing the rosca rejoin again to eat tamales and drink atole. Sometimes there will be more than one plastic figurine hidden in la rosca, which helps reduce the cost and work of the festivities on February 2nd.

While some families prefer to avoid getting the plastic doll, it is actually considered good luck to find the baby Jesus — it is believed that finding the plastic doll is a sign of prosperity.

Other traditions include hiding a ring and a thimble. It is said that the person who finds the ring will be the next to get married, and the person who finds the thimble will spend the rest of the year single.

Dealing with Siblings

Have you ever been so mad with one of your siblings that without even thinking you wish for that brief moment to be an only child? Sharing a space with someone else isn’t always easy and problems are bound to arise for a variety of reasons! You may be upset because you have to share clothes, the TV, the car or even your room. You might dislike the fact they might get “special treatment” because they are older or younger than you. Whatever the issue may be, fighting with siblings is actually a very common thing and learning how to deal with the problems that you face can help you have a better relationship with them.

Challenges – Same Roots, Different Personalities
One of the reasons that most siblings fight is the fact that even thought they are related, with the same parents and same upbringing, they are in fact completely different people. People with different ideas, different tastes and different personalities, and these will end up crashing at times.

Problems between siblings can be a million. You may get mad because they take your things, because they don’t help with chores, or because they don’t treat you fairly. Yet siblings don’t have to be enemies, in fact, they can be great life long friends. Remember that they know what it’s like to grow up the same way you did, and that they have shared many experiences with you, and they can be of great support because of this, even when having completely different personalities.

Many times problems arise because of the difference between the ages of each sibling. Some siblings may take sides with each other for particular reasons or simply because they are closer in age.

One of the things that Isabel Medina, 24, dislikes about her siblings, both male and females, is the way they treat her because she is the youngest of four. ” They feel that because I am the youngest, I can’t give my opinion or I am not wise enough or have enough experience to give an opinion,” said Isabel. Being the youngest child is tough and Isabel shares that sometimes conversations get heated and they speak to each other in a loud voice. This is where their father interferes.

Joys of Having Siblings

They Will Always Be There
We get happy with each other by apologizing when it is necessary or simply acting like if nothing happened,” said Isabel. “I love knowing that, whatever happens, whatever things we tell each or how many times we argue with each other, they will always be there.”

The Good Outweighs the Bad
Elii Lozano, 22, explains that one of the reasons why her sister, now 25, and her used to fight was the fact that she tended to be a bit disorganized, and sharing a bedroom, this often caused problems with her sister who would get stressed because it. Yet even thought this would create fights between them, they never stayed mad at each other for more than two hours and would soon be like if nothing ever happened. ” Most of the time she would take the initiative,” said Elii. “Even though sometimes we fight for dumb reason, the good things weight more than the bad, we help each other and support each other.”

Take Care of Each Other
Like Isabel mentioned earlier, the love they all have for their father is perhaps their strongest bond, and when their mother passed away when she was only 4, she says her older siblings took the job of taking care of her and their home on top of going to school, and for this she admires them.

Best Friends
Not only can brothers and sisters be great role models but also best friends.  Mabel, 22, says she can’t imagine her life without her sister. “Our relationship is ideal, she is like my best friend, we are very close,” she shared. Mabel and her sister even have a day called “Sister Time” where they go out to concerts, to the movies or simply just enjoy movies at home. One rule…no one else is allowed.

Someone To Talk To
Marely Vega, 9, also enjoys having a 12 year old brother. She believes that having a brother is like having a friend at home that keeps you company and someone you can talk to. She advises siblings who do fight with each other to try to understand them. Right now they might fight but once they grow up they will understand them better, just like she read in a book about siblings. “If they were to ask me what a brother is I would tell them, it is a friend…they are like your friends, you can trust them aside from your mom and family. It feels nice to have a brother, to have company and if you have siblings, appreciate them, “said Marely.

Unique Bond
In the end, it doesn’t really matter how different you are from your siblings or how far apart in age. Understanding that these differences don’t have to keep you apart can even give you a best friend or  role model that you will always have no matter what. This doesn’t mean that you won’t have any problems with them. When this is the case, spending a few hours apart or apologizing can solve those small problems that may occur. Yet that bond and understanding that exists between you, is irreplaceable. Remember, not everyone gets to have siblings and it is truly a gift from life. It is an unconditional love.

Breaking Stereotypes

As Latinas, many of us have experienced hearing and possibly experiencing Latina stereotype. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, a stereotype is to believe unfairly that all people or things with a particular characteristic are the same. Stereotypes can come from what people see based on TV or simply because what others have seen a few Latino people doing. With stereotypes, Latinos can be unfairly judged based on their accent or how they look. Listen to some Latinas speak out against common stereotypes.

Not All of Us Love (or know how) To Dance
Latino music and dancing has been recognized all over the world, and it’s an honor that many value and appreciate that. But that doesn’t mean that we all are experts and love to dance!

“To be honest, I’ve only been to one dance my whole life, and I hated it,” shared Paola Lopez, age 16. Many feel like this. Just because we are Latinas it doesn’t mean that as soon as the music starts, you can find us on the dance floor making everyone else look like fools.

We are not spicy hot girls
Just because you see some really beautiful and curvy Latinas in videos or TV shows, doesn’t mean that all of us are like that. A common image is of Latinas having a curvy body and tanned skin. The reality is that most of us are not that way. This stereotype needs to stop because many of us feel forced to meet those expectations and go through serious issues because of them. We all are beautiful, it doesn’t matter what type of body or skin we have. We are equally beautiful and amazing.

We are not all maids
This stereotype has been here for a really long time. Many immigrants come here to the US and spend their days working as maids to support their families and a place to live. Now it has become something “characteristic” of Latinas. It’s just a job and it shouldn’t be used to mock people, no matter their race. Just because we’re Latinas and many work as maids, doesn’t mean that we are destined to be one. Thanks to many opportunities, many Latinas everywhere are getting more chances to study to get a career and better jobs. Hopefully in a few years, this job won’t be stereotypical of us and people will realize that Latinas can excel in many fields.

“I don’t want to be a maid. I want to continue studying so someday I’ll get my degree on English,” said Alejandra Perez, age 18.

We are not all parties
We see music videos everyday and when it comes to Latinos, we’re supposed to party hard. People assume that we are like that most of our time, but the reality is that we’re not. We like parties and to have fun just like everyone else, but our lives are not always parties. We also care about other things and have many responsibilities.

We are not all Cholas
Another stereotype you see in the movies is of a chola, gangster or trouble maker. Latians are seen as rude and as queens of the barrio wearing big earrings and drawn eyebrows. Of course, not all of us are like this. Every culture has groups people who are mean, violent girls, but this is not true for most Latinas. We are not all cholas, most of us are not part of a gang or show pride in belonging in one. This is just part of something that exists in some areas around the US.

“I used to live in California and when I moved out, everyone thought I used to live in East LA and be a chola or some thing like that. To be honest, I never went there,” said Ana Diaz, age 16 shared.

No matter the stereotype, it is important to remember that not everyone from our community is the same. We are regular amazing people just like everyone else.

My Culture is Not a Costume!

My Culture is Not a Costume! The Deal on Cultural Appropriation

The leaves are changing hues, pumpkins are being sold on the side of the roads, children are preparing for their annual sugar high; this can only mean one thing: Halloween is creeping around the corner! And while the spooks of goblins, ghosts, and (fake) gore are traditionally expected this time of year, there is another horrid — and unfortunately, quite real — monster we most definitely rather shoo away.

Yes, chicas. This monster is called *cue the scream* cultural appropriation.

Dun, dun, dun, dun.

But have no fear! In this article, you will learn about this problematic trend, and you all will soon be anti-culture vulture queens.

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What is cultural appropriation?
Cultural appropriation is when elements of a culture is adopted, worn, or mainstreamed by another culture. It’s extremely (and ignorantly) sought-after in pop culture, but more and more people, especially those who identifies as intersectional feminists, are understanding the negative concept of this “trend.”

Why is it bad?

Intentional or not, cultural appropriation is a form of racism. Not too long ago, teen actress Amandla Sandberg, who is African-American, called out white television personality Kylie Jenner for wear cornrows which she displayed in an Instagram selfie.

In Amandla’s words: “When you appropriate black features and culture but fail to use your position of power to help black Americans by directing attention towards your wigs instead of police brutality or racism…”

Her mature and insightful comment gained national notice. While a lot of people applaud Amandla, many labeled her as the offensive “angry black woman” stereotype. This is a perfect example of how cultural appropriation belittles the members of the culture being appropriated. Kylie is easily allowed to wear cornrows (she did again), while Amandla and other black women are discriminated for simply being themselves.

How does it affect the Latin@ community?
I’m pretty sure we’ve all seen a Halloween costume resembling the uniform of a Mariachi performer, a department store dress with indigenous patterns, or a white celebrity playing dress up and imitating Chola fashion.

But, what happens when a Latina identifies as and embraces Chola culture? What’s happens when an indigenous man or woman wear their customs in public? What happens when a Mexican musician is caught in their performance suit? Most likely, they will be mocked.

The issue is: our culture is not accepted in society until a mainstream brand declares it as vogue. And it’s only certain parts of our culture, like the pretty Aztec-inspired patterns or the colorful Dia de Los Muertos sugar skulls, but the people and history that formed these cultural customs are treated without dignity and respect.

Remember: You can appropriate, too.

In 2013 during the MTV Movie Awards, the beloved Mexican American cantante Selena Gomez staged her pop hit Come and Get It in a Bollywood-inspired performance which included accessorizing herself with a bindi, a sacred forehead decoration worn by Hindus. Although many of our readers and writers adore Selena, her actions were inexcusable, and she continues to be problematic (a year ago, she posted a picture on Instagram wearing a bindi and a traditional Indian sari, captioning “sari not sari”) despite members of the Hindu and Indian community asking for an apology, and most importantly, to stop.

Before you decide to wear a bindi, to decorate your hands with henna, to buy a kimono, to ask your stylist for dreadlocks, think: Is this my culture? How does this affect my friends in different communities than mine? How would I feel if someone from a different culture was wearing or using [insert your culture’s customs]? Chicas, your culture, as is everyone else’s, is unique and celebratory. Be you!

What do I do when I see cultural appropriation happening?
Speak out. Whether someone is a appropriating your culture or another’s, it’s important to educate society on the effects of cultural appropriation. Do not get discourage if someone chooses to ignore or disagree with your views because, sadly, it will happen. Instead, be glad if someone acknowledges your thoughts and recognizes their wrongdoings. You, your intelligence, and your words can make a difference.

Machismo Culture

feminismopunhoMachismo, or macho, can usually be described as a number of presumably masculine traits, such as aggressiveness, strength, and dominance, that a man identifies with and which form his personality. This personality can dictate his behavior and ultimately affect everyone around him. Although this “manly man” can surely be found in almost any culture, we can take a look at it from a Latino perspective and see how it has influenced women over the generations and see if it has evolved with the changing times.

For a lot of Latinas, their fathers are the first macho people that they encounter and are affected by regularly. “I recall, in high school, telling [my dad] I wanted to leave home to attend college and he wasn’t supportive; if anything, he discouraged me and told me I was a girl [and] I needed to stay close to home,” reflects 32 year-old Linda Flores. Linda also acknowledges that her father was the one to help her with her homework and encourage her to finish high school, which she is thankful for. However, she still felt stifled by the limitations that he placed on her while growing up.

It is not uncommon for a girl who grows up in an environment fueled by machismo to feel limited, to be told that she is not capable of certain things, such as leaving home for college or going to college at all. It is not necessarily the case that this girl is unloved, but rather, is expected to meet different standards than her brothers, for example.

“I grew up with four brothers,” shares 20-year-old Latinitas volunteer Polet Espinoza.

“When our dad would ground us our punishments would be different. I would have to clean the house and the boys would get their phones taken away,” adds Polet.

Although Polet recognizes the machismo nature of her father and how this affects the way the household is run, she also acknowledges that her mother has been the one to teach her that women are capable of leading independent lives. Polet compares her own world-view to that of her grandmother’s, whom she declares has the understanding that a woman cannot be independent, and decides that, in her family, the way women deal with machismo has definitely changed over the generations.

“I grew up in an all girl household. It’s more of my school life…it’s like guys are good at math and science, but I want to be also,” states 17-year-old Alliris Lopez. While she doesn’t necessarily feel the effects of machismo culture in her home, she has definitely noticed the macho tendencies of her classmates and teachers. Alliris is in the Math club at her school and expresses that she and the other few girls in the club have to try especially hard to be acknowledged as much as the boys.

This is the reality that many Latinas over the years have had to deal with in their own ways, whether it has been domestically or socially. Some choose obedience, some choose to rebel, but it is also safe to say that in recent decades many girls have taken the negative influences of Machismo and used that to help themselves grow as strong women.

“I believe…it’s made me stronger, it’s made me want to excel, and show myself it is possible for women to be independent and successful,” asserts Linda.

Above all else, perhaps what we can be sure of is that girls and women will continue to set goals and continue to strive. Machismo influences may have evolved and become less impactful to a great many American Latinas, but is still a factor in certain domestic environments and even in the media. However, what we can also see is that so many girls and women have changed their ideas about their own roles in the world too. “[Since I began college], I’ve started to think I can do anything, “declares Polet. “I have my own voice.”

Celebrating Hanal Pixán

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“You’ve probably heard of the Mexican holiday Dia de Los Muertos or “Day of the Dead.” Since my ancestors were Mayans who originated from Yucatan, Mexico, we sometimes celebrate the holiday with a different name: Hanal Pixán.

Hanal Pixán and Dia de Los Muertos are practically identical, except Dia de Los Muertos was inspired by Aztec festivals and Hanal Pixán was created by Mayan culture. Whether one was inspired by the other is unknown, but, in modern days, the holidays are interchangeable due to their similarities.

For Hanal Pixán, my family goes to an annual “Day of the Dead” festival in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida to celebrate with other Mexicans and Latin Americans. We decorate our faces as sugar skulls, and my mother and I wear traditional Mayan dresses. We usually parade the streets with enormous puppets and posters while other members hold candles and pictures of their passed loved ones.

At home, we make sure our house is clean the day before. The reason for this is because we want the ghost of our ancestors to feel welcome. We tie red ribbons on the children, so our ancestors won’t accidentally take them when they leave. We also set their favorite foods on the table, which often includes traditional Mayan cuisine, like chimole, tamales, tortillas, arroz con frijoles, and spicy hot chocolate, next to beautiful altars dedicated to them.

Hanal Pixán has become more important recently since my Maya great-grandmother, who raised my father, passed away two years ago. She was an important part of my family and one of the reasons I am passionate about embracing my indigenous background. During this day, we also honor my mother’s brother who died at the age of 16 during a house fire, and my pet bird Kiwi who passed away a few months after my great-grandmother.

Hanal Pixán and Dia de Los Muertos are my favorite traditions

Latino Racism Against ‘Indios’

In the United States, it is common to hear about discrimination against Latinos, particularly immigrant ones, by other Americans. An AP-Univision poll conducted in 2010 showed that Latinos in the United States experience more discrimination than any other minority. 61% of those polled said that Latinos face considerable discrimination, while statistics for blacks and women were 52% and 50% respectively. Furthermore poll research showed that the inferior treatment of Hispanics stems largely from controversy surrounding undocumented immigration.

But this is not the only type of racism that plagues the Hispanic community. Latinos themselves are not innocent of discrimination against a people they sometimes view as undesirable. In Racism and Discourse in Spain and Latin America, Teun A. van Dijk, a scholar who researches racism, writes that “racism against the indigenous peoples has been a fact of their everyday lives since the conquista [Spanish colonization of Latin America] nearly 500 years ago.” According to his research and interviews, Latin America is a hotbed for racism against native peoples more commonly known as indiosIndios, unlike majority Latin American populations, did not adopt cultural aspects from the Spanish colonizers or reproduce with them. Some examples of indigenous populations include the Maya in Mexico and Central America, the Inca in South America, and the Taino in Caribbean countries.

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In truth, present-day indigenous populations in Latin American countries are still remarkably isolated, often living in their own villages and speaking their native tongues instead of Spanish. Many live in poverty, and those who travel to the cities for work are subject to discrimination due to their indigenous appearance and strange Spanish.

Sylvia, a 19-year-old Mexican-American and Latinita, recalls visiting Mexico City growing up and noticing the inferior treatment of indios by other Mexicans. She said the only jobs the indios could get were selling stuff on the streets, and people were likely to be rude or refuse to acknowledge their presence. Sylvia says that even as a child growing up in a Texas border town she knew that indios were considered of the lowest class.

The Latino hatred towards indigenous populations is apparent even in every-day speech. It is not uncommon to hear a Latino insult another’s appearance by saying that he/she looks indio/a.

Maria, 18, recalls thinking how hypocritical other Latinos sometimes are in their attitude towards indios. Other girls in her Chicago, Illinois high school would complain about discrimination or stereotypes based on their obviously Hispanic features or their slightly accented English, but then they would insult girls they didn’t like as indias. Maria was shocked that people who complained about racism could turn around and be guilty of the same wrong themselves. What’s going on, she wondered?

Truth is, discrimination against those viewed as ‘different’ is an unfortunate tendency of human nature that has probably always existed. Racism is even documented in the Second Book of the Bible when it describes the enslavement of ‘inferior’ races by Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans hundreds of thousands of years ago. But just because this discrimination has always existed and comes naturally to some people does not mean we should disregard its poisonous effects. Instead one should be conscious of the natural human tendency to discriminate against people whose differences make them seem strange or lesser. If one is aware of the driving force behind racism she can better combat it in every day life. Simple actions, like eliminating indio as an insult and treating with attentive respect indigenous peoples in the United States and Latin America, reject the engrained belief that indigenous are somehow lesser than other Hispanics.

VIVA LA PANZA

479924-250A lot of girls and women have body image issues. As much as they wish they didn’t, they do. And most of the time, these issues revolve around one main thing: la panza – the belly. There are all kinds of different panzas, the size doesn’t make a difference, and for some reason a lot of people just aren’t okay with the way their panzas look. This is something that needs to be fixed.

The Panza Monologues, a performance based on a collection of stories written by Virginia Grise and Irma Mayorga, looks into the lives of Chicanas who have some sort of experience involving their own panza or the panza of someone they love. Despite the continuous humor throughout the performance, all of the stories connected into one central theme: The panza is life. If you are suffering, your panza is suffering.

All throughout the performance, the three actresses – Florinda Bryant, Deanna Deolloz, and Eva McQuade – played out the stories of different women whom Grise and Mayorga wrote about. The performance opened up with a prologue that explained how a performance like this was created, and ended by the three women chanting, “VIVA LA PANZA!” This automatically got the audience excited and amped up. The energy within the audience remained this way up until the very end.

The Panza Monologues is an eye opening work of art for both men and women. After the performance, Florinda and Eva allowed the audience to ask any questions about anything they wanted, mostly in regards to the show itself.

A few members of the audience asked about a couple of the stories, mostly concerning why some of the women did not save themselves from their abusive relationship or take care of themselves, and how their story really had anything to do with the panza. The takeaway was that the panza is hardly ever the reason for someone’s pain. Even after losing your panza, you might not be healthy. Being thin doesn’t mean you’re healthy. Mental health is more important in most cases.

Some people lose their panzas because they aren’t eating and aren’t healthy – this is an effect of bad mental health. It’s always important to take care of yourself first. According to Eva, “we are all contradictions within ourselves,” and “you need to be positive, you need to love yourself.”

Victoria Humphrey, a junior at Texas State University, attended the last showing of the performance and thought it was phenomenal. In one word, she said it was, “realistic.” And she says there were two things that she really learned from this performance, “Love your body, it’s the only one you have,” and, of course, “VIVA LA PANZA.”

At one point during the performance, the women explained about the panza plyers – plyers used to help pull up the zipper of jeans that might be a little too tight. During the Q&A, a male in the audience asked if the plyers were “for real.” Eva’s only answer was “Dude, c’mon!” Needless to say, the entire audience burst into laughter, most knowing all too well of the panza plyers.

The final comment was from a woman in the audience, which left everyone, including the actresses, with the sense of happiness. “Panza llena, corazón contenta”(roughly translated, that means “full stomach, happy heart”).

Breaking Puerto Rican Stereotypes

By Vanessa Mari

I come from a very proud family. I was raised to love my culture and my heritage, and for that I greatly appreciate my family. I think this is something very important for Puerto Rican. As a colony from the United States, many feel as if our culture is being lost…as we no longer have an identity of our own. Not only this, but being a colony also takes away our independence and freedom. This is one of the reasons there have formed various misconceptions of Puerto Ricans that I would like to eliminate.

The first term used to describe Puerto Ricans is “Spiks”. This is the nickname Americans gave us because when the first big wave of Puerto Ricans first immigrated towards the United States in the 1940′s (specifically New York) many did not know how to speak the language. Puerto Ricans said “I don’t spik English” and that is how the nickname of Spik came about. What I find ironic is that when people from the United States visit Puerto Rico, they are surprised by the amount of people who know English. And when they don’t, they expect us to know their language, but they make no effort in learning ours. I would like people to stop with this misconception and realize what we are a SLA speaking society and that we are doing our best to learn English in a place that was first colonized for over 500 years by the Spanish.

The other misconception I hear a lot about Puerto Ricans is that we are lazy. This one bothers me a lot because I know so many hard working individuals that have accomplished many great things. I am a hardworking independent woman who is finishing her masters degree. I am aware that there are a lot of people living in projects and others who depend on welfare, but so does many other countries. This is a topic I could write my dissertation on. My last thoughts for this is that believing we are lazy is only promoting self hate and this is the worst thing that could happen to a small community like ours.

When this happens is very important to spread awareness of how beautiful our culture is. I am more than a Spik or a “lazy” person. I am a proud Boricua and I want to people to know where we are located in the map. Even though we are a small island in the caribbean, Boricuas have a big heart and we have accomplished great things. Yo soy Boricua, pa’ que tu lo sepas! ;)

 

We Are Not Stereotypes

Young Latinas speak out against Latino stereotypes!  team

“I am not a trophy, I am a human being. In today’s society, Latinas are seen as unintelligent, uneducated and insignificant because they are a minority. People feel that they are entitled to stereotype them based on what they’ve seen in the media. They generalize that our only responsibilities are to cook, clean and give birth. What people fail to understand is that Latinas are worth more than their looks or their ability to satisfy the needs of others. They are strong, powerful and intelligent and they deserve so much more respect than they are given. Through Latinitas, Latinas can stand tall and united against stereotypes.”

-Megan

 

“Stereotypes are a cruel way to brand someone without any prior knowledge of the person. They do not fit every subject involved and wrongly characterize a group of people from a certain race, nationality or culture. In order to dissolve such stereotypes it is necessary to give everyone an equal opportunity without judgment. As a Latina in the United States, it is very easy to be misconstrued as an undocumented immigrant because of my tan skin and dark hard. As anyone else I was a natural born U.S. citizen and deserve to be given the same respect as a girl my age with blonde hair and blue eyes.”

– Elizabeth

 

Most stereotypes in any type of culture, religion, race or organization are based off the extremes of that group of people. There is more to every type of group of people that not everyone sees. This is because most people come across as close-minded and are almost too lazy to see the full picture of any culture, organization, etc.

-Evelyn
“Stereotypes are interesting. I don’t let them get to me as much. Latinas are not dumb. We have hopes, dreams, fears, doubts just like the rest of the world. It our minds that will really make you. Some Latinas are actually loud and don’t take anything from anyone. I guess you could say some have an attitude problem, but not all are like this. A lot of us do love tortillas and beans, but that not really enough protein for me and way too much carbs.”

– Alyssa

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