So you know about the Alamo, Santa Ana, and maybe about Cesar Chavez. But what else do you know about the history of Mexican Americans? There’s a lot to our past that we know very little of – but no fear, we are here to help change a little of that. The Latino and Latina’s right to education has not been an easy path, and we are here to put your knowledge to the test of the Chicano educational struggle, from prominent court cases to terminology.
This quiz is not for the faint of heart. Are you up for the challenge? Step up to the plate and try your best – it’s okay if you can’t get a perfect score. You’ll walk away from this quiz learning a lot more about the Chicano educational struggles, which is way more rewarding.
1. There were many justifications school officials used for segregating Mexican American students from white students, aside from prejudice. What was not a reason used for segregating?
A) Mexican American preference – they wanted to be segregated
B) Low achievement – they did not do well compared to other students
C) Language problems – the language barrier between Teachers and Spanish-speaking students
D) High achievement – they did better compared to the other students
2. Which act prohibits discrimination against faculty, staff, and students in educational institutions?
A) Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
B) 14th Amendment
C) Equal Education Opportunity Act
D) Right to Education Act
3. Crystal City, Texas is home to one of the most prominent school walkouts in 1969 for civil rights. Students walked out in protest over the racial limitations on the ______________ put by the school board.
A) Football team
B) Student body
C) Teaching staff
D) Cheerleading squad
4. Which president passed the Bilingual Education Act, which aimed to improve programs for students with limited English-speaking abilities – but ultimately failed?
A) Lyndon B. Johnson
B) John F. Kennedy
C) Ronald Reagan
D) Barrack Obama
5. Mendez v. Westminster is a court case that addresses racial segregation. It’s most known for critiquing the “separate but equal” standard created by Plessey v. Ferguson by adding that _________ equality should be involved in the standard.
6. Cisneros v. Corpus Christi ISD was the first court case to argue that Mexican Americans were an ethically identifiable minority group and abandoned the ___________ strategy that many other cases had used previously.
B) Other white
C) We’re all the same
D) No race
7. What does LULAC stand for?
A) Latinos United in Latin American Countries
B) League of United Latin American Citizens
C) Leave Underrepresented Latino Americans in Class
D) Love and Unite Latin Americans in the Country
8. What is the name for the type of segregation that occurs when Caucasian students leave a school because of the rise in attendance of Mexican American students?
A) De jure
B) Jumping ship
C) De facto
D) White flight
9. LULAC vs. Clements was a court case that fought for access to equal educational resources (such as higher education) for Texas residents in _______________ region.
10. Which of the following is not an outcome from segregated schools settings?
A) High drop out rates
B) School stress
C) Increase in college-bound students
D) Poor performance in academics
1. D – Students were not segregated because they preformed higher than others.
2. C – Equal Education Opportunity Act was an important act for educational rights.
3. D – There was a restriction of only 2 Mexican American students on the cheerleading squad, despite the largely Hispanic population. This walkout prompted a change in the school board to reflect the population of the town.
4. A – Lyndon B Johnson emphasized education as a necessity for the American Dream, especially for minorities.
5. A – this case said stated the social inequality should be implemented with the “separate but equal” decision, and sparked a ripple in Civil Rights cases. It had an indirect influence on the Brown v. Board of Education case.
6. B – other white refereed to Mexican- Americans as the “other white,” but this was changed with a school attempted to mix African-American and Mexican American students as a form of “desegregation”.
7. B – LULAC is an organization that advocates for the rights of Latinos in the US.
8. D – de facto is segregation by law and de jure is segregation by residential neighborhoods.
9. D – this case was about residents in Border regions. Although they lost, it influenced the creation of South Border Texas Initiative, which is a funding package for 9 four-year universities in the area.
10. C – segregated settings negatively affect the amount of students going to college.
This quiz was inspired by a class available at the University of Texas at Austin.